Lesson 2 Suggested Homework

Torso constructions from reference

This homework follows on from Lesson 1 - so if you haven't done that yet, do it now!

Using some sort of reference (see below), attempt to construct (build as a drawing with an awareness of space) the ribcage and pelvis from simplified to more detailed, looking for the bony landmarks to help you orient the angles across and along the major bony structures.  Take care to consider 2D and 3d relationships as you do, attempting to consciously switch between the two modes of thinking.  Use the ideas about notating subforms to lay the subforms in on top and, then make any adjustments of the weight of lines to make the drawing clearer.  Try to make the drawing clear, spatial and diagrammatic, focussed mainly on linear depiction as described in this lesson.

At a minimum, attempt a neutral, arched, bent forward and contra posto pose. 

It will be far easier to find the bony landmarks on a reference from a more muscular or lean individual.  The structure will remain the same in a larger model with more fatty tissue, but obviously will be smoothed over.  This can also be a good challenge - the bony landmarks are often quite obvious even in a very heavy model, but will often be depressions rather than convexities as in a very thin model.  My advice is to start with the more muscular and lean models and work towards this - there is a reason people describe these models as "anatomical"!

Try to find the kind of patterns that have been notated in the Lesson 2 Ecorche section beside each muscle group, such as the form of the External oblique when contracted versus relaxed.  Look for which side of the body is stretched, muscles relaxed and bony landmarks projecting through, and which side is contacted and soft tissue is either bulging out with exertion or because it is compressed and folded in together. 

Reference sources

  1. Life classes outside of this course
  2. Drawing yourself in the mirror or friend prepared to pose 
  3. Plaster casts
  4. The photos and or 3d models of classical sculpture, or photoreference from the living model, from the end of the Lesson 2 Ecorche section
  5. Photoreference from one of the websites or books with photo in the Resources Page
  6. Other photoreference you find online - you could look for photos or videos of athletes or dancers, particularly higher resolution ones


For advanced students:

If you have already done this homework and feel comfortable with it, try looking at reference, and then put the reference aside and construct the torso from memory.  If this is also comfortable, try doing it entirely from imagination.